Lilies are incredibly popular with gardeners because they are easy to grow and provide a lot of color. Furthermore, they come in a wide range of colors and sizes so you can find one that complements your garden perfectly. They also offer a natural fragrance in the summer, which is a refreshing break from the smell of cut grass or flowers.
Lilies are always lovely florae, famous for their fragrances and mesmerizing colors. I did deep research to get complete knowledge on how to plant and take care of lilies before planting them in my garden. I suggest that you do the same! Hopefully, this article will help!
I found that lily belongs to the bulb type of family (they can also grow through seeds) and the genus name is “Lilium”. They have more than 100 species Calla lilies, Asiatics, Fleur-de-lis, Liliaceae, Lilium atrium, Madonna lily, Lilium umbellatum, and Easter lily. They belong to Northern Hemisphere latitudes between 30 degrees to 60 degrees and the continents are Asia, North America, and Europe.
I found that the word ‘’lily’’ is frequently used in the naming of many plants that have some resemblance to the true lily. However, they have different genus and characteristics but based on their physical resemblance, their common name includes the word lily. Many species that belong to the family Amaryllidaceae and day lilies are included in this group.
The true lilies are vertical plants with leafy stems, flaking bulbs, narrow leaves, and bunched flowers. The flowers consist of six petal-like segments, which may form the shape of a trumpet, with a more or less elongated tube, as in the Madonna lily and Easter lily. Otherwise, the segments may be curved back to form a turban shape, as in the Turk’s cap lily, or they may be less strongly reflexes and form a bowl shape, as in the wood lily and gold band lily.
The flowers of some kinds are quite aromatic, and they arise in a wide variety of colors. Plants of most types range in height from 1 to 4 feet; plants of certain species, however, exceed 8 feet tall.
Here are our top 9 tips for looking planting and looking after any lily you may grow in your flower garden:
1-What kind of soil is best for growing a lily?
Lilies are easy to grow as there is no hard and fast rule in soil selection; however, you have to care a little about soil to get best results. The soil must be good in texture and water must flow fluently. The lily requires well-drained soil where water cannot remain stagnant, especially during winter. Soil pH must be around 5.5-6.5. Some species of lilies cannot tolerate acidic soil such as Orientals while some species can grow in pH 6-7 such as Asiatics, La Hybrids.
I added compost and humus as an organic fertilizer to the sandy soil found in my garden to boost the growth of healthy plants, but keep in mind that compost must be neutral to avoid such organic matter that can increase acidity or alkalinity in the soil.
2-Can lilies take full sunlight?
It was afternoon; I was sitting in my garden and enjoying fruit juice. Suddenly I notice some lilies were not fully blossomed and looked weak! All this whilst some others that belonged to the same species were fully blossoming and shining in the sun! What’s going on? After some time, I recognized the differences in lily plants growing under a dense shade of trees and those that grow in accessible sunlight. The latter were happy, healthy, and strong. In contrast to the former, which were weak and struggled to survive without enough sun. So light is king for the lily plant!
3-How deep do I plant lily bulbs?
First, you have to measure the area where you want to plant lilies because various species of lilies cover a different area and their planting strategy depends upon the growing size and weight. If you plant them very close without keeping in mind the size, height, and weight of the flower, it might be so huge that it bows down towards the ground, or the stem might be broken to maintain the weight.
3.1- Asiatic lilies
It is a medium-sized plant and must be planted 8 inches deep in the field or pot and 8 inches apart from the other one because its flowers are 4-6 inches wide.
3.2- LA Lilies and Orienpet Lilies
Their growth rate is extraordinarily fast, flowers have the largest size and bulbs grow rapidly so I dig up the ground 8 inches deep and fill it with 2 cm compost and plant with the distance of 8 inches in a group of 5.
3.3- Lilium cadidum
It is also known as Madonna Lily. 2-3 inches in height and blooms in groups of 20 at each stem. I loved Lilium cadidum and planted it in my garden, I dug soil to 10 inches deep and planted 2 inches apart.
3.4- Lilium Martagon
They are used for decoration and very easy to grow. You must plant them 7 inches deep in the soil and 7 inches apart.
3.5- Oriental Lilies
Hybrid lilies are famous for their smell, color, and flowers. They should be planted 8 inches deep and 10 inches apart from each other.
3.6- Species Lilies
They are wild lilies, having more than 80 types. Plant them in a garden 7 inches deep in the soil and 7 inches away from other stems.
3.7- Tiger Lilies
They are also known as Lilium Lancifolium/Lilium Tigrinium. They belong to China and Japan. Their blossom is 5 inches wide, so plant them 8 inches deep and 8 inches apart.
3.8- Trumpet Lilies
They have huge flowers 10 inches long, so keep in mind when planting them that there must be 15 inches distance from each other and 10 inches deep in the soil.
4-How do you plant lily bulbs?
It is a good idea to plant the bulb with the tip just at the soil surface level. Planting them too deep will cause them problems.
4.1- Which Types of Lilies Grow Best in Pots?
The following types of lilies grow best in pots:
4.1a- Asiatic hybrid lilies
4.1a.1- Dwarf Asiatic hybrid lily
4.1a.2- Lilium Blackout
4.1a.3- Lilium Black Spider
4.1a.4- Lilium Brunello
4.1a.5- Lilium Dot Com
4.1a.6- Lilium Grand Cru
4.1a.7- Lilium King Pete
4.1a.8- Lilium Tiny Todd
4.2a- Oriental Hybrid Lilies
4.2a.1- Lilium Casa Blanca
4.2a.2- Lilium Entertainer
4.2a.3- Lilium Muscadet
4.2a.4- Lilium Souvenir
4.2a.5- Lilium Star Gazer
4.2a.6- Lilium Start Fighter
4.2a.7- Lilium Starlight Express
4.2a.8- Lilium Tom Pouse
For plantation of lilies in the pot, you must be aware that the pot must be 15-20 inches deep, well-drained watered frequently and the soil must be an ordinary packaged potting variety. Use fertilizer once in a while. Plant 1 large bulb, 4-5 inches into a 9 inches pot whilst 2-3 small bulbs in a 9-10 inch container.
4.2- Which types of Lilies grow best in beds?
There are more than 70 types that can grow well in beds or gardens. Let me discuss some of them:
4.2.1– Wild Lily
4.2.2- Trumpet lilies
4.2.3- Martagan hybrids
4.2.4- Candidum lilies
4.2.5- American hybrids
4.2.6- Longiform hybrids
Dig the whole bed 12-15 inches deep with help of a shovel before planting any of the lily bulbs. Remove hard rocks, add organic material such as leaves, peat moss to make it fertile. Clear bumpy surfaces. Spread 2-4 inches of compost or manure evenly across the ground. Plant the bulbs of lilies in a raised bed to ensure proper drainage. Try to plant bulbs before spring (August & September), water them, and wait for the flowering phase.
Lilies look best when planted in clusters of three or more bulbs. In areas of high rainfall, plant lily bulbs on their side to prevent rotting. If you have naturally acidic soil, add some garden lime to the planting hole.
After 3-4 weeks of the flowering phase, divide lily bunches and transfer them to another place or refresh the soil and plant at the same place.
5-Where is the best place to plant lilies?
Lilies have been some of the most longstanding cultivated plants in history. In 2nd BCE, Madona Lilies were planted in Asia for medicinal purposes. Greeks and Roman grew lilies for food and decorative purposes. North America, China, Japan, and Europe were the best producers of different species of lilies all around the globe.
Throughout history, people have found that the Lilly grows best in those areas where the temperature ranges between 30-45 degrees Celsius. They grow best in warmer regions, but in colder climates, you can plant lilies in early spring. And as stated earlier, make sure they are getting full sunlight and well drained soil.
6-How much water does a lily require?
Lily requires a basic water supply if planted in spring when plants are newly blooming. On hot sunny days, they require frequent watering when the plants become mature and grown. Please make sure that flowers and leaves remain dry when watering the plant.
7-Fertilizer requirements for the best growth of lilies.
We can use organic fertilizers, compost, and manure on a daily basis to nourish the soil if your soil has good quality, so there is no need to use chemical fertilizers.
If your garden lacks well-nourished soil, then I will suggest use Nitrogen, Potassium, and Phosphorus in equal quantity and dilute with fresh water and use this mixture as a fertilizer once a week.
8- The best place to purchase the lily bulbs?
Local nurseries are the best place to purchase the best quality lilies because they are specialized, and you can easily visit and checkup the quality of the bulb. Place an order before the autumn or spring season. I purchase all my lilies from the local nursery.
You can also purchase lilies from local garden centers, supermarkets, departmental stores, hardware stores, online stores but with special precautionary measures that the bulb roots must be fresh and hydrated and the type of lily mentioned on the label is the same as supplied to you in the bags.
9-How you can divide your lilies without harming them?
The best time to divide lily is after the 3-4 weeks of the flowering period. Dividing the bunch before they have flowered could do damage to the bulb and roots necessary for flowering. If too many roots are damaged, the ability to absorb water will badly be affected.
Use a garden fork to extract the clump, digging a few inches at numerous points around the clump. This should loosen the clump from the surrounding soil. Then simply remove the clump from the ground. Carefully divide your clump and add compost if you are planting these divisions at the same place after freshening up the soil. You can plant these clumps in a different location as well if you wish. We have another article that goes into this process in more detail if you are still not sure.
Lilies are the most exotic flowers in the world, with so many colors and shades. They are easy to grow but seek attention from the grower at some points. If we do care, they make our garden paradise on earth 🙂