Indoor gardens are spectacular. Whether you want to expand your growing season, naturalize your home, or just don’t have enough room in your garden, indoor gardening is the solution. The benefits it can offer us as gardeners are immense. You’re able to control the climate much better, meaning you can grow all year round. However, to do this, you’ll need some equipment to grow inside successfully. Here’s what you’ll need.
- Humidity machine
- Temperature Gauge
- Grow lighting
- Water systems
- Pots and containers
- Seeds, vegetables, or plants
Now I understand telling you the above isn’t much help. You’ll need to know the fundamentals of each of these requirements to ensure you’re investing in the right products. Nonetheless, it’s much easier than you may comprehend. Below we go into detail about the above “must-haves” so you can gain more knowledge on these specific requirements.
What You Need for Indoor Gardening?
If you’re a passionate gardener, you’ll understand that when winter comes by, it can be devastating. The growing season is over for most plants and vegetables, and you probably won’t venture out into your garden until spring. For someone who gains happiness from this hobby, it can become boring during the winter. However, to counteract this issue, you’ve probably considered growing indoors, which is excellent!
Gardening indoors can give you an array of different benefits, from extending your growing season, having the ability to control the climate better, and minimizing potential pests and diseases. It’s truly remarkable what advantages you’re able to achieve by implementing this.
But, enough of the benefits. Let’s get into the requirements you need to start growing indoors.
Just like if you were to grow plants or vegetables in your garden, it requires adequate space to ensure they have enough room to develop. As you can imagine, all houses and apartments will be much different from one another. But, if you think wisely, you should be able to identify a location pretty quickly. Remember, you can grow horizontally (standard) or vertically if this is the only room you have. To gather a better visualization on this, why not check out Pinterest and see what other avid indoor gardeners have achieved.
Without a doubt, most living quarters will be able to find some space. Although it may require some cheap renovations, it’s certainly possible.
Once you’ve identified your space, you’re on the way to creating your indoor garden.
Humidity, along with various other elements, is vital for the plant’s growth. As plants transpire, the leaves on the plants or vegetables gain water vapor from the humidity around the leaves. If you nail the required moisture for particular plants, it can massively reduce their chances of drying out and prolong their lives. By providing ideal humidity, you’ll also find that they’ll flourish faster and require less fertilizer to grow.
Before you invest in a humidifier machine, you first need to check if you require one. You can do this through purchasing an air quality monitor or through the below plant behaviors:
- The tips of your plants are starting to turn brown.
- Your plants are beginning to lose leaves.
- Your plants are starting to look withered and dry.
Once you’ve identified the above, if you need to purchase a humidifier I recommend this Hupro one or something similar. Most humidifiers don’t allow you to control the output of humidity, whereas this one does. This will be particularly important to ensure you’re providing your plants with the right level of moisture.
This is because providing too little or too much humidity can have damaging effects on your plants. Giving too much can cause them to sweat and become over-hydrated. Whereas when a plant is given too little moisture, it’ll become dry and withered.
Next is temperature. If you’re a gardener, you’re probably aware of this. But most plant families grow better in different climates. One of the huge factors that determine this is the temperature. Therefore, to successfully grow in your home, all year round. You’ll need to make sure your plants or vegetables are in an ideal environment to grow.
To control the temperature, you first need to understand what it is. The easiest way to find this information out is with a thermometer. Online, they’re a bunch available, but I recommend something that has both temperature and humidity features on it. This Doqaus one is ideal for what you’ll need it for.
With this, it’ll tell you the temperature of your room and, of course, the humidity. To make this effective, you’ll want to research what the ideal temperature is for your plants. Once obtained, you’ll want to aim for that specific temperature within your home or grow room to ensure superior growth.
Next is lighting, and again, it’s a vital element for photosynthesis and growth. However, you may think that leaving plants on a window still will be enough light for them. In most cases, it isn’t and especially during the winter months.
With grow lighting, there are many different variations depending on your budget and what you’re growing. Here are what they’re:
- Incandescent lamps – This is the most inexpensive type of lighting you’re able to purchase that is suitable for growing plants. However, for indoor gardens, they aren’t appropriate.
- Fluorescent Lights – Again, another cheap lighting source to provide your indoor plants are fluorescent lights. However, they’re not the best. They can emit enough light to enhance the growth of herbs or plants that don’t require a lot of light. But for others, I would avoid it.
However, they’re new and larger fluorescent systems that can provide excellent lighting to an indoor garden.
- High-intensity Discharge bulbs – These following bulbs are also commonly known as HIDs, and they’re an efficient option but the most expensive. If you’re serious about developing an indoor garden, by all means, these types of bulbs would be the best option for growth.
Lighting is a vital element for growth and the overall health of the plant. Before investing in a lighting solution, research how much light your plants should be subjected to. For example, for hardy-type plants, window light may be enough for them to grow, but for others, not.
When growing indoors, there’s one crucial weathering condition that you won’t get, rain. Because of this, you’ll need to self-water your plants on a regular basis (depending on the species). However, because we’re indoors, you don’t have access to your standard garden tap. Which although this would be nice, as it’s much more accessible, you’ll have to maneuver around this problem.
When selecting a watering system or device, there are two I recommend for indoor homes. These are:
- Long spout watering cans – As you’ll be indoors, you don’t want anything that’ll gush water out everywhere and be challenging to carry around. For a watering can, I recommend you get something with a long, thin spout. This is because water won’t shower everywhere, and it’ll be precise on where the water flows out.
- Watering spikes – For those who don’t want to water regularly, you may wish to purchase some watering spikes. By using this device, it’ll trickle water onto your plants.
Either of the above will be a perfect solution, and you just need to research how often you should be watering your specific set of plants or vegetables.
Something many outdoor gardeners get confused about is soil. Outdoor soil, also known as topsoil, will not drain when placed into an enclosed container or pot. Therefore, you’ll need something called potting soil. Potting soil is much fluffier than topsoil. Because of this, it can drain much easier.
However, some plants will benefit from certain potting mixtures than others. For example, plants requiring a lot of sunlight will need a heavier potting mix from those that don’t.
7.Pots and containers
We’ve mentioned pots and containers, so I thought It would be beneficial to add them to this list. Choosing pots and containers will depend on two factors, your dedicated space and your plants’ size. Keep in mind, your plants may outgrow their original containers, and you may need to re-pot them in the future.
The best containers to choose from are clay pots. This is because they’re affordable, robust, look good, and also have great draining capabilities. However, you can opt-in for plastic ones. But, these are a lot more flimsy and tend to become out of shape as the plant grows.
8.Indoor plants or vegetables
When it comes to growing indoor plants or vegetables, it’s essential to know which ones grow better in this type of environment. Below you can see a few examples of each, so you’re able to understand which plant and vegetable species grow spectacular indoors.
- Spider plants
- Rubber plants
- Sanke plant
- Beets – (golden boy, Detroit dark red, Chioggia)
- Bok Choy and Pac Choi
- Carrots – (Parisian, little fingers, Thumbelina)
- Herbs – (oregano, chives, sage)
- Kale – (red winter, dwarf blue curled)
- Lettuce – (black seeded Simpson, tom thumb)
- Mushrooms – (brown and pink oyster)
As you can see from the above, the equipment needed to grow indoors successfully isn’t a lot. Most of the items are relatively inexpensive and attainable, meaning you can start sooner than you may think. But now you understand what you need, what are the steps to start growing?
How Do I Start an Indoor Garden for Beginners?
Knowing what you need to grow indoors is excellent. However, how would you actually start to grow indoors? Below we guide you through the process of beginning a garden inside your living quarters.
Identify your space
First, you need to distinguish where you’re going to start growing your plants or vegetables indoors. While choosing this designated area, you may want to consider the natural elements that they’re exposed to. For example, wherever they’re located, do they receive any natural sunlight? If so, is this sufficient enough to avoid buying grow lights, etc.
Understand the plants or vegetables you want to grow
Once you’ve established where you want to start growing your indoor garden, you’ll want to understand the plants or vegetables you want to nurture. What do I mean by this? Well, all species of plants and vegetables have more or fewer advantages from being grown indoors. But before you go ahead and start developing your garden based on looks or convenience. It’s best to understand exactly how they grow, their ideal temperatures, humidity levels, etc.
When you’ve researched and gathered this knowledge, it might be best to stick with a specific type of plant or vegetable family that shares the same living conditions. By doing this, you’ll be able to focus on a particular climate for your indoor gardening. If this is your first time trying to achieve this, it’ll be best to develop your garden this way to ensure maximum growth and stability.
Gather the essential materials
Thirdly, now you understand where you’re going to start your indoor garden and have good knowledge of what you’re going to grow. It’s time to purchase the correct materials to start creating your garden.
As mentioned, the requirements will vary from garden to garden depending on the natural resources your designated area is subjected to. However, materials can include a humidifier, grow lights, soil, pots or containers, water systems, and lastly, whatever you want to grow.
Lastly, now you’ve identified your space, have basic knowledge about what you’re growing, and gathered your indoor gardening materials, it’s time to start growing your desired indoor garden.
First, start with setting up your equipment, and before placing your plants in that environment, make sure you’ve achieved their ideal temperature and humidity. Once completed, you can pot your plants or vegetables and transport them into the designated area.
Now you have successfully nailed down their perfect conditions, you really just have to monitor the process and make sure they’re growing correctly. If not, you should re-evaluate their environment to see if you’re executing it correctly.
When you choose to grow an indoor garden, it really isn’t as difficult as it may seem. People like to overcomplicate things, but once you understand the core fundamentals of plant growth, it should be relatively easy to understand why you need the above equipment.
Without a doubt, investing in an indoor garden can be as cheap or expensive as you like depending on your requirements. But either way, they can produce the same number of benefits as one another.
Now you understand what’s needed to develop an indoor garden, why not start one yourself?